4.2. Installation

The 3D City Database WFS is shipped as a Java WAR (web archive) file. Please download the WFS distribution package from http://www.3dcitydb.org/ or from the GitHub release section. Besides the WAR file, the distribution package also contains Java libraries that render mandatory dependencies for the WFS service and that must be installed as shared libraries in your servlet container.


Alternatively, you may build your own WAR file from the source code provided on GitHub. This requires that you are experienced in building Java web applications from source using Gradle. No further documentation is provided here.

Please follow the following installation steps:

Step 1: Install and properly configure your Java servlet container
Please refer to the documentation of your servlet container for hints on installation and configuration. Make sure that the servlet container uses Java 8 (or higher) for running web applications.
Step 2: Install the mandatory JAR libraries in your servlet container
The WFS service requires mandatory JAR libraries to be available in the servlet container. This mainly comprises JDBC libraries for connecting to the database system running the 3D City Database instance. The libraries are shipped with the distribution package. The list of libraries will look like this:
  • ojdbc8- (Oracle JDBC driver)
  • postgresql-42.2.10.jar (PostgreSQL JDBC driver)
  • postgis-jdbc-2.3.0.jar (PostGIS JDBC extension)

The libraries must be installed as shared libs or common libs (terminology may differ) in your servlet container. For Apache Tomcat 7 (or higher), this simply means placing the JAR files into the lib folder of the Tomcat installation directory. Afterwards, you need to restart Tomcat. Please refer to the documentation of your servlet container for more information.

Step 3: Configure your servlet container (optional)
Make sure that your servlet container has enough memory assigned (heap space ~ 1GB or more).


You may, for instance, use the Java command-line option -Xms for this purpose.

Step 4: Deploy the WFS WAR file on your servlet container
If your servlet container is correctly set up and configured, simply deploy the WAR file to install the WFS web service. Again, the way to deploy a WAR file varies for different servlet containers. For Apache Tomcat servers, copy the WAR file into the webapps folder, which, per default, is in the installation directory of the Apache Tomcat server. This will automatically deploy the application. Alternatively, use the web-based Tomcat manager application to deploy WAR files on the server. The manager application is included in a default installation. For more information on deploying WAR files on Tomcat or different servlet containers, please refer to the corresponding documentation material.


If you use the automatic deployment feature of Tomcat as described above, the name of the WAR file will be used as context path in the URL for accessing the application. For example, if the WFS WAR file is named citydb-wfs.war, then the context path of the WFS service will be http://[host][:port]/citydb-wfs/. To pick a different context path, simply rename the WAR file or change Tomcat’s default behavior.

Step 5: Configure the WFS service
The WFS must be configured to meet your needs. For instance, this includes providing connection details for the 3D City Database instance and the definition of the feature types that shall be served through the interface. These settings must be manually edited in the configuration file config.xml of the service. Please check the next chapter for how to configure the WFS.


Changes to the config.xml file typically require a reload or restart of the WFS web application (a restart of the servlet container itself is, of course, not required). Please check to documentation of your favorite servlet container for how to do so. In case of Apache Tomcat, you can simply use the manager application to reload web applications.

Step 6: Install ADE extensions (optional)
As a last step, you may install additional CityGML ADE extensions for the WFS. This step is optional and requires a compiled and ready-to-use ADE extension package. Simply copy the contents of the ADE extension package to the WEB-INF/ade-extensions directory of your deployed WFS application. The WEB-INF directory is typically located in the application folder, which is generally named after the WAR file and itself is a subfolder of the webapps folder in the Tomcat installation directory (see Fig. 4.1).


The CityGML ADE must also be registered in the 3DCityDB instance to which your WFS service shall connect.