3.8. Using the command line interface (CLI)¶
In addition to the graphical user interface, the Importer/Exporter also offers a command line interface (CLI). The CLI allows a user to run the Importer/Exporter from the command line (or a shell script) and to easily embed it in batch processing workflows and third-party applications.
To use the CLI, you first need to start a shell environment offered by the operating system of your choice. The general command to run the Importer/Exporter from a shell environment (or a shell script) is shown below. If required, please replace the version number in the file name with your current version.
java -jar lib/impexp-client-4.1.0.jar [-options]
This command consists of two parts. The first part executes the Java
Virtual Machine (JVM) through the java command. The
-jar argument of
the JVM is used to denote the path to the Importer/Exporter JAR file
impexp-client-4.1.0.jar to be executed. After the JAR filename, you must
provide additional program arguments to trigger a specific operation of
The above command assumes that you have first changed directory to the directory where the Importer/Exporter is installed. Otherwise, you must provide the full path to the impexp-client-4.1.0.jar file.
You may add any further JVM arguments to the above command that you
think are required in your environment. It is recommended to at least
start the JVM with a minimum amount of main memory using the
argument. For instance, use
java -Xms 1g to use 1 GB of your main memory
for the Importer/Exporter.
To get a list of program arguments offered by the Importer/Exporter, use the -help flag and issue the following command:
java -jar lib/impexp-client-4.1.0.jar -help
This will produce an output like shown below.
The available program arguments are:
-shell: This argument is mandatory to start the shell version of the Importer/Exporter. If this argument is not provided, then the GUI version is launched per default.
-config: Provides the path and filename of the config file to be used. If this argument is omitted, the config file in the default path is used instead. Using environment variables, the default path can be identified dynamically (cf. Section 3.1):
%HOMEDRIVE%%HOMEPATH%\3dcitydb\importer-exporter\config(Windows 7 and higher)
$HOME/3dcitydb/importer-exporter/config(UNIX/Linux, Mac OS families)
-import: Triggers a CityGML import process. Provide a list of one or more input files separated by semicolons (;) in addition. The list may also contain folders. A folder and all its nested subfolders are recursively scanned for CityGML input files.
-validate: Triggers a XML Schema validation on the provided list of input files (see the import argument).
-export: Triggers a CityGML export process. Provide the path and name of the output file.
-kmlExport: Triggers a KML/COLLADA/glTF export process. Provide the path and name of the output file.
-testConnection: Connects to the database using the connection details provided in the config file and exits afterwards. Evaluate the exit code (and optionally the log messages on the console) to check whether the connection was established successfully.
The full range of preferences and settings affecting the different import and export operations of the Importer/Exporter are not offered as separate program arguments. Instead, it is assumed that the config file (either the default one or the one provided through the -config argument) contains all the settings that should be used in a specific operation (e.g., the database connection details, filter settings for imports and exports, etc.). The config file is encoded as XML and hence can be edited by a user manually. However, the recommended way to provide valid settings is as follows:
- Run the Importer/Exporter with the graphical user interface (GUI).
- Make all your settings in the GUI.
- Save your settings to a local config file via the Project Save Project As… dialog from the main menu bar.
- Feed this config file to the command line interface using the -config argument.
You can also create a config file programmatically in Java. The JAR file impexp-config-4.1.0.jar in the installation directory of the Importer/Exporter contains all the classes required for reading and writing a config file. Once you have the JAR file on your classpath, use the class org.citydb.config.ConfigUtil as starting point.